In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters. And God said, “Let there be light,” and there was light. God saw that the light was good, and he separated the light from the darkness. God called the light “day,” and the darkness he called “night.” And there was evening, and there was morning—the first day. And God said, “Let there be a vault between the waters to separate water from water.” So God made the vault and separated the water under the vault from the water above it. And it was so. God called the vault “sky.” And there was evening, and there was morning—the second day. And God said, “Let the water under the sky be gathered to one place, and let dry ground appear.” And it was so. God called the dry ground “land,” and the gathered waters he called “seas.” And God saw that it was good. Then God said, “Let the land produce vegetation: seed-bearing plants and trees on the land that bear fruit with seed in it, according to their various kinds.” And it was so. The land produced vegetation: plants bearing seed according to their kinds and trees bearing fruit with seed in it according to their kinds. And God saw that it was good. And there was evening, and there was morning—the third day. And God said, “Let there be lights in the vault of the sky to separate the day from the night, and let them serve as signs to mark sacred times, and days and years, and let them be lights in the vault of the sky to give light on the earth.” And it was so. God made two great lights—the greater light to govern the day and the lesser light to govern the night. He also made the stars. God set them in the vault of the sky to give light on the earth, to govern the day and the night, and to separate light from darkness. And God saw that it was good. And there was evening, and there was morning—the fourth day. And God said, “Let the water teem with living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the vault of the sky.” So God created the great creatures of the sea and every living thing with which the water teems and that moves about in it, according to their kinds, and every winged bird according to its kind. And God saw that it was good. God blessed them and said, “Be fruitful and increase in number and fill the water in the seas, and let the birds increase on the earth.” And there was evening, and there was morning—the fifth day. And God said, “Let the land produce living creatures according to their kinds: the livestock, the creatures that move along the ground, and the wild animals, each according to its kind.” And it was so. God made the wild animals according to their kinds, the livestock according to their kinds, and all the creatures that move along the ground according to their kinds. And God saw that it was good. Then God said, “Let us make mankind in our image, in our likeness, so that they may rule over the fish in the sea and the birds in the sky, over the livestock and all the wild animals,[a] and over all the creatures that move along the ground.” So God created mankind in his own image, in the image of God he created them; male and female he created them. God blessed them and said to them, “Be fruitful and increase in number; fill the earth and subdue it. Rule over the fish in the sea and the birds in the sky and over every living creature that moves on the ground.” Then God said, “I give you every seed-bearing plant on the face of the whole earth and every tree that has fruit with seed in it. They will be yours for food. And to all the beasts of the earth and all the birds in the sky and all the creatures that move along the ground—everything that has the breath of life in it—I give every green plant for food.” And it was so. God saw all that he had made, and it was very good. And there was evening, and there was morning—the sixth day.

히브리력

토라포션

🕀 창 세 기 🕀
Bereshit, 태초에1/5401:01-06:08
Noach, 노아2/5406:09-11:32
Lech-Lecha, 나아가라3/5412:01-17:27
Vayera, 나타나시다4/5418:01-22:24
Chayei Sara, 사라 향년5/5423:01-25:18
Toldot, 족보6/5425:19-28:09
Vayetzei, 떠나가다7/5428:10-32:03
Vayishlach, 그가 보내며8/5432:03-36:43
Vayeshev, 그가 거주하였으니9/5437:01-40:23
Miketz, 그 후에10/5441:01-44:17
Vayigash, 그가 가까이 가서11/5444:18-47:27
Vayechi, 그가 살았으니12/5447:28-50:26
🕀 출 애 굽 🕀
Shemot, 이름13/5401:01-06:01
Vaera, 내가 나타났으나14/5406:02-09:35
Bo, 들어가라15/5410:01-13:16
Beshalach, 그가 보낸 후에16/5413:17-17:16
Yitro, 이드로17/5418:01-20:23
Mishpatim, 법규18/5421:01-24:18
Terumah, 바치다19/5425:01-27:19
Tetzaveh, 너는 명령하여20/5427:20-30:10
Ki Tisa, 네가 계수할 때에21/5430:11-34:35
Vayakhel, 그가 모으고22/5435:01-38:20
Pekudei, 계산하였으니23/5438:21-40:38
🕀 레 위 기 🕀
Vayikra, 그가 부르시고24/5401:01-05:26
Tzav, 이르시되25/5406:01-08:36
Shmini, 여덟 번째26/5409:01-11:47
Tazria, 여인이 임신하여27/5412:01-13:59
Metzora, 나병 환자28/5414:01-15:33
Achrei Mot, 죽은 후에29/5416:01-18:30
Kedoshim, 거룩한30/5419:01-20:27
Emor, 말하여 이르라31/5421:01-24:23
Behar, 산에서32/5425:01-26:02
Bechukotai, 내 규례에33/5426:03-27:34
🕀 민 수 기 🕀
Bamidbar, 광야에서34/5401:01-04:20
Nasso, 계수하되35/5404:21-07:89
Beha'alotcha, 올라갈 때에36/5408:01-12:15
Sh'lach, 보내라37/5413:01-15:41
Korach, 고라38/5416:01-18:32
Chukat, 율례39/5419:01-22:01
Balak, 발락40/5422:02-25:09
Pinchas, 비느하스41/5425:10-30:01
Matot, 지파42/5430:02-32:42
Masei, 노정43/5433:01-36:13
🕀 신 명 기 🕀
Devarim, 말씀44/5401:01-03:22
Vaetchanan, 간구하기를45/5403:23-07:11
Eikev, 후과46/5407:12-11:25
Re'eh, 보라47/5411:26-16:17
Shoftim, 재판48/5416:18-21:09
Ki Teitzei, 네가 나갈 때에49/5421:10-25:19
Ki Tavo, 네가 들어갈 때에50/5426:01-29:08
Nitzavim, 서 있는51/5429:09-30:20
Vayeilech, 그가 가서52/5431:01-31:30
Ha'Azinu, 들을지어다53/5432:01-32:52
Vezot Haberakhah, 축복함54/5433:01-34:12

토라는 모세 5경이다. 유대인들은 매년 정해진 스케줄에 따라 토라를 읽는다. 토라 포션은 주 단위이며 총 54개로 구성된다. 각 토라 포션에 부여된 이름은 그 주에 읽게 될 성경 구절 서두에서 가져온 단어다. 토라 읽기는 절기, 특별 안식일, 초하루 등 사유가 있을 경우 조정된다. 

토라 포션은 초막절 제8일에 종료된다. 이 같은 전통은 느헤미야 8장에서 유래했다.

사로잡혔다가 돌아온 회중이 다 초막을 짓고 그 안에서 거하니 의 아들 여호수아 때로부터 그 날까지 이스라엘 자손이 이같이 행한 일이 없었으므로 이에 크게 기뻐하며 에스라는 첫날부터 끝날까지 날마다 하나님의 율법책을 낭독하고 무리가 이레 동안 절기를 지키고 여덟째 날에 규례를 따라 성회를 열었느니라 (느헤미야 8:17~18)

바벨론 70년 노예 생활에서 해방된 유대인들은 하나님을 찬양하며 율법책을 읽었다. 율법은 토라를 말한다.